Skip to main content

Theory, Research and Practice

Table 1 Description of overarching themes and sub-themes, summarising the features of the group drumming practice

From: Making music for mental health: how group drumming mediates recovery

Theme Sub-theme Description
Features of the drumming 1.1 Nonverbal communicating Drumming as a means for expression and communication without words
1.2 Rhythmic Drumming as a shared rhythmic experience, which is primitive and grounding
1.3 Physical Drumming as implying bodily effort, energy and release of accumulated tension
Features of the group 2.1 Connecting Group as constructing a sense of relatedness, unity
2.2 Belonging Group as a shared identity, a place of belonging
2.3 Accepting Group as accepting, eliciting integration and approval
2.4 Providing safety Group as a place of refuge, safety
2.5 Caring Group as a place of handing over responsibility, being held by the group
2.6 Socialising Group as a means to increase social contact
Features of the learning 3.1 Inclusive Learning as inclusive, any level of skill welcome, any process adequate
3.2 No mistakes Learning as a process in which the concept of fault is dissolved
3.3 Freeing Learning as a new experience: no homework, no directedness, no control
3.4 Embodied Learning as a process incorporated in the body, a ‘new way of thinking’
3.5 Role of facilitator Learning as facilitated by a central, expert musical facilitator