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Theory, Research and Practice

Psychology of Well-Being Cover Image

Table 1 Descriptive statistics of school climate measures and mental and emotional wellbeing factors

From: The Relationship Between School Climate and Mental and Emotional Wellbeing Over the Transition from Primary to Secondary School

Mean (sd) End of Primary school (n = 1054) End of first year secondary school (n = 1718) End of second year secondary school (n = 1616)
School climate measures
 Safety at school (1–3)** 2.83 (0.39) 2.70 (0.51) 2.71 (0.51)
 School connectedness (1–5)** 4.42 (0.58) 4.14 (0.76) 4.00 (0.84)
 Teacher connectedness (1–5)** 4.10 (0.81) 3.79 (1.03) 3.63 (1.14)
 Peer support (1–3) 2.58 (0.33) 2.56 (0.40) 2.58 (0.42)
Mental wellbeing (DASS)    
 Depression (1–7)** 3.58 (6.03) 5.15 (8.60) 5.91 (9.39)
 Anxiety (1–7)** 3.13 (4.96) 4.19 (7.36) 4.55 (7.85)
 Stress (1–7)** 5.99 (6.92) 5.80 (8.24) 6.57 (8.79)
Emotional wellbeing (SDQ)
 Emotional problems (1–5)** 2.16 (2.11) 2.41 (2.44) 2.55 (2.46)
 Conduct problems (1–5)** 1.64 (0.73) 1.93 (1.92) 2.09 (2.05)
 Hyperactivity (1–5) 3.50 (1.22) 3.47 (2.44) 3.78 (2.45)
 Peer problems (1–5)** 2.48 (0.79) 1.47 (1.67) 1.51 (1.75)
 Prosocial (0–10)** 8.42 (1.57) 7.73 (1.98) 7.52 (2.16)
 Total SDQ (0–40)** 8.03 (2.50) 9.28 (6.50) 9.92 (6.74)
  1. ** p < 0.001 for end of first and second year of secondary school compared to end of primary school