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Theory, Research and Practice

Psychology of Well-Being Cover Image

Table 7 Actual and perceived freedom in France and in Finland, z scores range [0–1]

From: Freedom and happiness in nations: why the Finns are happier than the French

Freedom France Finland Percentage of difference in scale range in rich nations
Actual freedom 0.47 0.78 31%
Social freedom 0.62 0.74 12%
Psychological freedom 0.37 0.68 31%
Potential freedom 0.92 1 8%
Perceived freedom 0.53 0.93 40%