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Theory, Research and Practice

Table 1 Models predicting daily high activation (HA) positive affect

From: “I just NEED to move…”: examining women’s passion for physical activity and its relationship with daily affect and vitality

Model Estimate SE Model Estimate SE
1. PA (vs. no-PA) with high activation affect
Fixed effects
 Intercept, β 00 29.64*** 0.97    
 PA, β 10 −3.38*** 0.69    
Random effectsa
 Intercept, σ2 u0 52.77*** 7.26    
 PA, σ2 u1 11.92*** 3.45    
 Residual variance, e 27.76 5.27    
2. A) PA (vs. no-PA) and passion with high activation affect 2. B) PA (vs. no-PA) and passion with high activation affect; slope only
Fixed effects    Fixed effects   
 Intercept, β 00 29.64*** 0.96  Intercept, β 00 29.64*** 0.96
  Harmonious passion, β 01 0.16 1.02  PA, β 10 −3.34*** 0.64
  Obsessive passionb, β 02 −2.30 4.58   Harmonious passion, β 11 1.67** 0.62
 PA, β 10 −3.34*** 0.65   Obsessive passionb, β 12 −5.89* 2.64
  Harmonious passion, β 11 1.62* 0.62 Random effectsa   
  Obsessive passionb, β 12 −5.09 3.19  Intercept, σ2 u0 52.60*** 7.25
Random effectsa     PA, σ2 u1 10.03*** 3.17
 Intercept, σ2 u0 52.37*** 7.24  Residual variance, e 27.72 5.26
 PA, σ2 u1 10.01*** 3.16    
 Residual variance, e 27.72 5.26    
  1. Note. Unstandardized Estimates; SE = Standard Error; PA = Physical Activity. Level 1: Daily positive affect(Ypi) = β0i + β1i(PA engagementpi) + rpi. Level 2: β0i = γ00+ γ01(Harmonious Passion) + γ02 (Obsessive Passion) + u0i; β1i = γ10+ γ11(Harmonious Passion) + γ12 (Obsessive Passion) + u1i.
  2. aVariance component estimates and standard deviations are provided for Random Effects.
  3. bLog transformed Obsessive passion variable.
  4. p = .10. * p < .05. ** p < .01. *** p < .001.