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Theory, Research and Practice

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Table 1 The Relation of Adult Playfulness and its Facets with Strengths of Character (Partial Correlations Controlling for Sex and Age)

From: The virtuousness of adult playfulness: the relation of playfulness with strengths of character

VIA-IS SMAP SPO EXP CRE FUN SIL R 2
Creativity .33** .27** .28** .65** .21** .19** .45
Curiosity .21** .16* .20** .43** .44** -.10 .32
Open-mindedness .00 -.24** -.22** .09 -.01 -.22** .14
Love of learning .13* -.04 .07 .29** .19** -.12* .15
Perspective .07 -.10 -.08 .20** .19** -.22** .14
Bravery .25** .19** .30** .45** .36** .02 .23
Persistence -.03 -.30** -.03 .17** .18** -.34** .29
Honesty .02 -.09 -.02 .07 .12* -.26** .10
Zest .20** .22** .32** .43** .60** -.09 .46
Love .22** .19** .32** .33** .53** -.02 .35
Kindness .23** .12* .19** .15* .28** .00 .11
Social Intelligence .15* .07 .15* .31** .42** -.07 .24
Teamwork .21** .06 .14* .11 .32** -.06 .12
Fairness .13* -.02 .00 -.02 .22** -.12* .10
Leadership .19** .06 .11 .18** .27** -.07 .09
Forgiveness .09 .02 -.06 .03 .22** -.13* .11
Modesty .02 -.25** -.30** -.24** -.07 -.24** .15
Prudence -.08 -.41** -.34** -.03 .02 -.41** .29
Self-regulation -.09 -.32** -.13* .10 .09 -.37** .21
Beauty .35** .22** .28** .40** .31** .11 .21
Gratitude .24** .13* .20** .16* .40** -.07 .22
Hope .15* .14* .15* .28** .59** -.15* .44
Humor .41** .42** .29** .33** .49** .32** .30
Religiousness .09 .10 .14* .16* .26** -.02 .09
Median .15 .06 .14 .18** .27** -.10 .21
  1. N = 261-263. VIA-IS = Values in Action Inventory of Strengths; SMAP = Short Measure of Adult Playfulness; SPO = spontaneous; EXP = expressive; CRE = Creative; SIL = silly; R2 = multiple correlation coefficient between all facets of the APS and a strength.
  2. *p < .05. **p < .01.